Although most people would think that tooth decay is the main reason for tooth loss, it is actually gum disease. In fact, this oral condition is quite common that 3 in 4 adults in the United Kingdom suffer from gum disease. It is important that periodontal or gum disease is treated early by your Birkenhead dentists to prevent its progression.
There are basically three kinds of periodontal or gum disease:
• Gingivitis – a condition characterized by gum inflammation. First sign could be bleeding while brushing or flossing teeth. The gums can also become red and sore.
• Periodontitis – a more serious inflammation of the gums and affects the bones which results to the tooth becoming loose in their socket. If left untreated, the tooth will likely fall off.
• Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis – a rare gum condition that affects severely-malnourished individuals. This gum disease is characterized by ulcers and inflammation.
Diagnosis of gum disease is usually based on the symptoms presented. Your dentist might even refer you to a periodontist, who specializes on these kinds of oral diseases. Usually, an x-ray image will be taken to identify the extent of the damage.
• Root Planing for receding gum or bone loss
• Gum Surgery
Of course, you will need to improve you oral hygiene to prevent recurrence after treatment. Your Birkenhead dentist will advise you on the right oral hygiene program for you.